Cross Cultural Study of the Self-Efficacy and Counselor’s in Training

Counselors-in-training (CIT) vary on their levels of self-efficacy, or an individual’s perception of his or her competence to conduct counseling (Barnes, 2004). Numerous studies have shed light on what specific factors contribute to CIT’s levels of self-efficacy (Reese et al., 2009; Lent et al., 2006; Barnes, 2004; Yu, Lee, & Lee, 2007). Our study of self-efficacy in counselors in training is an important area of research because it informs trainees and trainers on how self-efficacy is subjectively constructed, how self-efficacy affects CIT’s competence, and what factors are the important contributors to the development of competent counseling professionals (Barnes, 2004).

The current literature includes studies that have looked at the various contributing factors to CIT’s levels of self-efficacy. Some of these factors include specific aspects of the counseling process such as the capability to perform basic helping skills and manage the session process with clients generally, the components of the supervisory relationship, the client’s level of improvement throughout therapy, and the CIT’s individual level of self-esteem. These aforementioned factors have been measured by internally consistent and valid measures such as the Counseling Activity Self Efficacy Inventory, The Collective Self-Esteem Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

A survey was used to assess various components of CIT’s self-efficacy. The survey will be posted using Survey Monkey, an online survey distributor. The inventories given will include: Counseling Activity Self Efficacy Inventory, The Collective Self-Esteem Scale, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

The results are currently being compared cross-culturally to the results found from the same study being collected in Korea University.

This study will further explain the various contributors to CIT’s self-efficacy. Additionally, this study will shed light on the differences between counselors’ level of self-efficacy between programs and between cultures as well. It is hypothesized that the level and contributors of self-efficacy will be comparable between programs.

This research project is significant because it will further explain the components of CIT’s self-efficacy and it will contribute to the literature in this domain. Furthermore, this study will be compared to a similar study being conducted in Korea University and will therefore explain the cross-cultural implications and similarities/differences of counselor self-efficacy. This better understanding will give the field more knowledge that relates to clinical training and research as well.